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5 Most Common Types Of Dental Diseases And How You Can Prevent Them

Dental health significantly affects your comfort in life and general well-being as well. Understanding different dental problems will help you know when to visit a professional for a medical checkup and further treatment. Dental health goes beyond tooth decay, and you should present any signs of oral problems to your dentist.

1.  Periodontal Disease

Periodontal, also known as gum disease, affects the gums and the bone, affecting the teeth’ support system. Periodontal disease is due to the accumulation of plaque due to inadequate brushing of teeth and flossing.

As plaque accumulates, harmful bacteria build up in the mouth and cause gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the first signs of periodontal disease.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  • Easily bleeding gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Bad smell
  • Pus between teeth and gum
  • Reddish gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful when chewing

Good oral hygiene and regular primary dentistry care by a dentist will help you deal with periodontal disease. Your doctor will remove plaque and tartar as part of your treatment.

2.  Tooth Decay

Tooth decay and cavities are common dental issues in the world affecting both children and adults. Dental cavities are tiny holes on the surface of teeth caused by improper brushing and flossing of teeth, taking sugary edibles, and acidic drinks.

Symptoms of Dental Cavities

  • Teeth sensitivity
  • Visible holes
  • Teeth pain
  • Staining of teeth

Visiting a dentist will help you eliminate the discomfort and pain that comes with dental decay. An oral x-ray may be necessary to identify hidden signs of dental cavities.

3.  Oral Thrush

Oral thrush occurs due to fungal infection by Candida fungus in the mouth. It causes white lesions on the inner cheeks and the tongue, and if left untreated, it may spread further to affect the back of the mouth and the tonsils.

Symptoms of Oral Thrush

  • White lesions in the mouth
  • Painful cracks on the edges of the mouth
  • Difficult swallowing
  • Loss of appetite

4.  Halitosis

Halitosis is also known as bad breath and occurs due to bacteria trapped on the tongue surface. Some foods, health conditions, and smoking can cause bad breath. Good dental hygiene can greatly help deal with bad breath.

Symptoms of Halitosis

  • Bad smell from the mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Bitter taste
  • Thick saliva

Proper dental hygiene, including regular brushing of teeth, dental flossing, and using mouthwash, will significantly help improve your condition.

A dentist will help you clean your teeth professionally and give you advice on the products to use to keep your mouth fresh. Keeping yourself hydrated is also essential in maintaining a fresh breath.

5.  Cleft Lip

A condition known as left clip or palate occurs during the early stages of the fetus and affects the upper lip, which fails to develop fully. Cleft lip condition may interfere with eating, speaking, or swallowing. However, cleft lip is a cosmetic issue in some cases, while all other functionality is standard.

Causes of Cleft Lip Condition

  • Smoking or consumption of alcohol during pregnancy
  • Diabetes in pregnant mothers
  • Some medicines during pregnancy

Surgery to correct the condition done within a period of 18months since birth makes it easy to rectify the situation. Speech therapy may also enhance the speech of your child.


Dental diseases and oral problems will make you uncomfortable and cause pain. Dental hygiene is a habit that significantly helps improve your oral health by eliminating harmful bacteria and removing plaque.

However, bacteria are not the only cause of oral health problems; hence, you must frequently visit your dentist for an oral and dental checkup.

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